Karst Maros-Pangkep, South Sulawesi: World’s 2nd Karst Forest

Located within the area of the Bantimurung Bulusaraung National Park, the Maros Karst Towers are recognized as the second largest karst area in the world after South China karst of People’s Republic of China. Covering a total area of 43,750 hectares the region has 286 caves with over 30 pre-historic caves. Maros Karst is located just a little over an hour drive away from Makassar, capital of South Celebes (commonly known as Sulawesi).

Karst Maros Pangkep 1

Known as Maros Pangkep Karst Area, this nature travel place becomes world’s second biggest and the most beautiful rock forest. The first place is occupied by South China Karst Park in Yunnan, China. The Maros Pangkep karst forest is also included into UNESCO, list as world heritage for natural category.

This area is located in two districts, namely Maros regency and Pangkep. Precisely in the north of Makassar, between 50 and 100 kilometers from the city of Makassar. Line of karst can be seen clearly from the trans-Sulawesi road connecting Makassar, Pare.

The cave is formed as a result of carbonate rocks that laundering not only produce cave ornaments are very pretty. But it also serves as the human species take refuge in the past. The caves are inhabited by human beings and their culture in the past. This is called pre-historic cave-Speleology. Potential caves that form the corridor and developing Underground River in the karst Maros-Pangkep become one of its own potentials. Cave with an underground river that has evolved an amazing cave formation.

Maros Pangkep is longest and deepest cave in Indonesia, until now, the longest and deepest caves in Indonesia was found in the Maros karst. Deepest cave shaped single wells with a depth of 260 meters was found in Leaputte Leang. The longest cave is estimated to be found in the Kallang Salukkan cave system, which reaches 2700 meters in length.

The Karst Maros-Pangkep area illustrates a sample that represents important values of continued knowledge development in the history of earth, fresh water and coastal ecosystems as well as biota and fauna community as indicated by the following: The Karts Maros-Pangkep Area not only presents a unique landscape but also has archaeological sources of prehistoric caves and its heritage that date back to  housands of years ago.

In this region there are hundreds of caves with stalagtits and stalagmit, of which 89 of them are prehistoric caves that contain prehistoric Rock Art Painting, prehistoric stone tools, kitchen waste consisting of shells from an ancient Mollusca. The Karts Maros-Pangkep Area covers an area of 43,750 hectares that comprises of a mining area of 20,000 hectares and the remaining 23,750 hectares are part of the conservation area of the National Park of Bantimurung Bulusaraung.


How to get there:

Approximately 50-100 km north side of Makassar, Sulawesi island, is spread cluster of soar cliff. From main road of Trans Sulawesi Makasar-Toraja, can be seen groups of trees. After you get closer, you’ll be amazed by the spread of impressive cliff, neither it stands alone or in group.

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