At the southern tip of Sumatra, Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park comprises one of the island’s last stands of lowland forests. For this reason the World Wildlife Fund has ranked it as one of the planet’s most biologically outstanding habitats and is working to conserve the park’s remaining Sumatran rhinos and tigers; it is also identified as the most important forest area for tiger conservation in the world. The park is also famous for many endemic bird species that prefer foothill climates, and several species of sea turtle that nest along the park’s coastal zone.
Home to the Sumatran rhinoceros, Sumatran elephant, and Sumatran tiger, Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park is one of the most important forest areas for tiger conservation in Southeast Asia. According to WWF Indonesia, this 356,800-hectare area, spread across Lampung and Bengkulu Provinces, perhaps has a half of the entire wild population of Sumatran rhinoceros and a quarter of the wild population of elephants. Since becoming a national park in 1982, the main goal has been to increase as well as stabilise the population of the endangered Sumatran rhinoceroses, Sumatran elephant, and Sumatran tiger.
Bukit Barisan Selatan area was declared as Wildlife Sanctuary in 1935, and become a National Park in 1982. Initially the size of the park was 356,800 hectares . But actual current park area calculated using GIS is approximately 324,000 Ha.
BBSNP is located on the tip of the south-west region of Sumatra. Seventy percent of the park are (249,552 hectares) fall under the administration Lampung Barat District and Tanggamus District, both are part of Lampung Province. The rest of the park covers 74,822 hectares (23% of total park area) is in the Kaur District of the Bengkulu province.
Sumatera Selatan is also important for the park borders overlaps with province’s border.
BBSNP contains some of Sumatra’s last protected lowland forests. It is extremely rich in biodiversity and is home to three of the world’s most endangered species: the Sumatran elephant (fewer than 2000 survive today), the Sumatran rhino (total global population: 300 animals and declining rapidly), and the Sumatran tiger (total global population around 400 animals).
Tourist infrastructure in the park is very limited, bordering on nonexistent. An organised tour is your best bet; these can be arranged in Kota Agung or Krui.
There are numbers of endemic fauna that also inhabit the area are: honey bears (Helarctos malayanus malayanus), tapirs (Tapirus indicus), ungko (Hylobates agilis), siamang (H. syndactylus syndactylus), simpai (Presbytis melalophos fuscamurina), kancil (Tragulus javanicus kanchil), and the scaled sea turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata).
How to get there :
The main entry point to the Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park is from the town of Bandar Lampung, capital of Lampung Province. There are several airlines that serve flights from Jakarta to Radin Inten II Airport at Bandar Lampung, including Garuda Indonesia airways, Merpati and Sriwijaya Airways. From Bandar Lampung you can take a bus from the Rajabasa Terminal to Kota Agung, the trip takes approximately two to three hours.
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