Rising in popularity on account of its pristine seas and great surf, the island of Lombok, adjacent to Bali, is now also attracting more visitors for its exquisite South Sea Pearls, farmed in its clear blue-green seas.
As the biggest producer of South Sea Pearl, Indonesia recorded production figure of 12 tons in 2005. This figure is expected to increase to 18 tons by 2009. Indonesian cultured South Sea pearls are produced in the following areas: 1) the waters surrounding Bali; (2) Nusa Tenggara (Lombok and Sumbawa); (3) Sulawesi (Celebes); (4) Maluku (Nloluccas) islands, and in 5) Papua Province.
Lombok produces some of the best South Sea Pearls in the world, explained Bambang Setiawan, Chairman of the Association of Cultured Pearls, superior even to those produced by Australia and the Philippines. Top of the line are the South Sea Pearls, known as Pinclada Maxima. Lombok produces 27 shades of these outstanding translucent pearls, with the top colors being bronze, metal and emerald gold of a greenish golden hue.
The waters around Lombok and Sumbawa are the meeting point between the yellow/gold lipped oysters as found in Palawan in the Philippines, and the white lipped oysters more common in the seas between Papua and Australia. And because of this, Lombok’s pearls are more varied in shades.
At present, Lombok exports over 700 kg of pearls per year and aiming more. Pinctada Margaritifera, the black-lip pearl oyster, ranges from the Persian Gulf, Red Sea, Sudan, Papua New Guinea, Australia, French Polynesia, Indonesia, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Southwestern part of the Indian Ocean, Japan and the Pacific Ocean, the Gulf of California, and Mexico.
Pinctada Fucata exhibits a variety of color morphs ranging from the commoner reds and browns to greens, bronzes and creams. The nacre is of a cream to golden color with a hard metallic luster. The largest specimens are up to IO cm in diameter. Pinctada Fucata also has a wide distribution from the Eastern Pacific (Venezuela) to the Western Pacific Ocean (Korea and southern China), Australia, Indian Ocean to the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf.
Hyriopsis Schlegeli is freshwater mussels which are common throughout the world, but those used for pearl cultivation are mainly found in freshwater rivers, lakes and ponds. In China they are even found in places like the farmers’ irrigation ditches. The mussels are extremely adaptable to local conditions. Their luster is usually not as high as with other oysters used for pearl cultivation.
Pearl farming activities starts with site selection leading to constructing pearling facilities for cultivation activities. Most of Lombok’s pearl farms are located along the south west coast of the island, from Sekotong Timur to Bangko-Bangko, at Sekotong Timur, Sekotong Tengah and Lembar.
For more information and reservation write us email@example.com